101 Beginning German I. This course presupposes no or minimal preparation in the German language. Basic grammatical concepts are introduced, elementary readings are assigned, and vocabulary is stressed. Simple conversational patterns are practiced, and aspects of German life and society are treated. No prerequisite. (LN1)

102 Beginning German II. This is a continuation of the first semester of basic German. The remainder of the basic grammatical concepts are treated. Readings of increasing difficulty are undertaken and vocabulary building is stressed. More complex conversational patterns are practiced, as well as having further discussions of German life and society. Prerequisite: Germ 101 or its equivalent. (LN2)

160 Austro-German Culture (taught in English). This course is a brief survey of the salient aspect of Austro-German culture. The historical development of both Prussia and the Hapsburg Monarchy are touched upon. The major movements in architecture and music are treated as well as some of the principal literary works. The Nibelungenlied, Adventures of a Simpleton, Faust I and Indian Summer will be read in their English translation. No prerequisite. (Regular preparatory course for the Vienna Program.) (MWE) or (MWL)

161 20th Century Germany and Austria (taught in English). This course will provide an overview of the major political, social and artistic developments of 20th century Germany and Austria. Within this framework, the works and lives of four exemplary authors-—Kafka, Hesse, Brecht and Boll-—will be examined in their social and political context. The Trial, Mother Courage and The Lost Honor of Katharine Blum will be read in English translation. (MWL)

214 Intermediate German. This is a course designed to bridge the gap between the second semester of Beginning German and several intermediate level courses. The remaining grammatical concepts are covered. Students further increase active and passive vocabularies and develop their ability to communicate both orally and in writing. A considerable amount of time will be given to readings. Issues and problems of German-speaking countries will be taken up again. (LN3)

215 Readings in German. This is an intermediate level course. Selected readings taken up with particular emphasis on vocabulary expansion of idiomatic expressions. Grammatical points will be reviewed as the need arises. Prerequisite: Germ 214 or its equivalent.

222 Scientific German. This course deals with basic readings in the various natural sciences. A reading knowledge and the ability to translate original articles are emphasized. The basic vocabulary of each discipline will be treated, and each student is expected to complete a translation of an original work of about five pages in his or her science. Prerequisite: Germ 214. Offered alternate years.

235 German for Commerce. This course deals with readings in the commercial writings in the German language. Practice in writing business documents in German as well as basic conversation will be undertaken. Particular attention will be given to the esoteric vocabulary of commerce. Prerequisite: Germ 214. Offered alternate years.

260 The German Novel in Translation (taught in English). This course treats major works of the German novel in translation such as works by Grimmelshousen, Novalis, Stifter, Mann, Kirst, Remarque, Boll, Grass, Hesse. Particular attention is given to the concept of the Bildungsroman. No prerequisite. Offered alternate years. (MWL)

261 The Oral Narrative in Germany (taught in English). This course is a treatment of the folktales and legends in German-speaking lands. Primary emphasis is given to the work of the Brothers Grimm and the theories of the origin of the Marchen. The regional role of the legend and its historical significance will also be discussed. No prerequisite. Offered alternate years.

285 German Term Abroad in Vienna. This is the on-site experience of German culture for students who have not yet participated in a Hartwick German program. Various places of interest will be visited and discussed in conjunction with a classroom program. Integration into Austrian life through living with families is an important feature. Offered in English and German. Prerequisite: Germ 214 or 160. Offered alternate years.

305 Phonetics and Conversation. Conversational practice at an advanced level. Complex spoken patterns are practiced with emphasis put on the student's ability to express himself in a variety of situations. Included also is an introduction to the phonetic structure of the German language. Prerequisite: Germ 215 or its equivalent. Offered alternate years.

306 Composition and Grammar Review. Through a series of compositions, the student is given practice in written German on an advanced level. Classroom discussions will also be concerned with various aspects of German grammar with attention not only to the basics but also the various nuances of the language. Required of majors seeking teacher certification. Prerequisite: Germ 215 or its equivalent.

360 Medieval and Baroque Literature. A treatment of the major works of the Medieval and Baroque periods treating the chivalric lyrics and the various Baroque phenomena. Excerpts from such works as Das Nibelungenlied, Parzival, Simplicissimus will also be treated. Taught in German. Required of German majors. Prerequisite: Germ 220. Offered alternate years. (MWE)

361 Rationalism to Romanticism. This course embraces what is frequently referred to as the Goethezeit. Works by Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, Kleist as well as some of the Romantic writers will be treated. Taught in German. Required of majors. Prerequisite: Germ 220. Offered alternate years. (MWL)

362 Biedermeier to Naturalism. This course treats the various movements of most of the 19th century and includes such authors as Stifter, Keller, Meyer, Storm, Heine, Grillparzer, Raimund, Nestroy, Hauptmann and Holz. Taught in German. Required of German majors. Prerequisite: Germ 220. Offered alternate years. (MWL)

363 The 20th Century. Salient movements of the century such as impressionism, expressionism, exile literature and post-war period are treated and includes such authors as Rilke, von Hoffmansthal, Kafka, Mann, Kayser, Brecht, Durenmatt, Frisch, Boll. Taught in German. Required for majors. Prerequisite: Germ 220. Offered alternate years. (MWL)

450 Topics of German Literature For Seniors. Detailed study of a particular author, genre, theme or period in German literature. Topic will be announced in advance. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

485 German Term in Vienna. This course is designed for the student with a knowledge of German who is participating in a second Vienna program. Various aspects of the culture will be discussed in depth, and each student will be expected to complete a special project mutually agreed upon by the student and instructor. Prerequisite: Germ 220.

490 Senior Project. Required of all majors. A thesis or other appropriate work which demonstrates the student's proficiency in German.