ALANA Timeline

October 1928

"...the best has come down to us from many sources and is the gift of many nationalities. In our thought this fact should be truly apprehended, and in the life of the educated man there can be no racial prejudice and religious bigotry."
[President Charles R. Myers – Opening Address, Hartwick College]

1952 - 1955 Doug Jones, Ben Clark, Wendell Hammond – First Black Students at Hartwick
November 1958

"... I want to be on record with your national headquarters (Zeta Tau Alpha Sorority) as stating that your policy of racial discrimination on membership is contrary to the policies of Hartwick College. We admit all students regardless of race, creed or color. It is incumbent upon religious and educational leaders insofar as is possible to set an example of accepting people on their merits rather than on their color."
[President Miller Ritchie]

June 1961

Caroline N. Terry becomes the first African American woman to graduate from Hartwick College.

January 1963 Zeta Tau Alpha Sorority terminates its relationship with the national organization due to written policy decisions regarding its membership.
May 1964 Mary Elizabeth Carnegie speaks at Hartwick on Race Relations and Nursing.
May 1965 James Farmer, internationally recognized spokesman in the struggle for racial equality, speaks at the Senior Convocation encouraging students to become involved in the civil rights movement, stating that “... it is essential that people of good will become active in this community in uprooting discrimination in employment, housing and schools.”
Summer 1965 Herman S. Keiter, professor of philosophy and religion, and Bill Brault, 1965 Hartwick graduate, spend the summer in Greensboro, Alabama, participating in the civil rights movement by assisting in Martin Luther King’s Summer Community Organization for Political Education Program – canvassing and registering black voters. Bill Brault is in a protest march in which all the protestors are arrested and imprisoned for three days.
Spring 1967 In his first weekly Hilltops column titled “Salt and Pepper,” Harold Nelson states, “Writing as a Negro student at Hartwick College has its advantages and disadvantages. One does not truly comprehend how he stands in the eyes of his fellow students. On the surface everything may seem smooth, but down deep someone could really hate the ground you walk on and not really be able to explain why.”
October 1967 Hilltops publishes an interview with four black students on “The Negro at Hartwick and in the United States.”
May 1968 The Freshmen Class holds a panel discussion on “Racial Integration or Segregation?”
January 1969 Formation of Black Studies Group and Black Power Group. The Black Studies Group, led by Dr. Cohen of the History Department, meets once a week to discuss a book pertinent to Blacks.
April 1969 Student Senate approves the constitution of the Black Cultural Society. The Society’s purpose is “... to promote for the college community a better knowledge of Black heritage and a better understanding of Black people ...” It announces several money-making projects including a fashion show – “Soul is Wearable.”
May 1969 Black students at Hartwick express their disgust when a group of white students mock black student demands at SUCO by publishing a list of WASP (White Anglo Saxon Protestant) demands.
December 1969 A reading titled “Black Voices: A Symphony,” present a three-part mosaic of black American writers: 1) Ralph Ellison’s The Invisible Man, 2) Jean Toomer’s Cane, and 3) Statements made by Blacks in the last decade.
February 1970 New weekly column in Hilltops – “On Being Black,” written by various authors on topics such as: Black Studies, Malcolm X, and the Power of Black Spirit.
March 1970 Black Cultural Society presents “Black Spirit,” a journey through the history of Black people and their music.
May 1970 Black Students of Hartwick College publish a list of “Black Expectations” including: emphasis on recruiting for diversity, financial aid for minority groups, counseling services for non-white students, renewal of efforts to recruit Black faculty, the establishment of a Black Studies curriculum, the development of a major in Black Studies.
May 1970 “Racism is a White Problem” workshop challenges white students to pledge themselves to correcting their problem as racists, and to confront their ignorance by educating themselves to the “different lifestyles, goals, needs and desires of American Blacks.”
September 1970 Black Cultural Society changes name to the Society of Third World Alliance To Implement Change (STATIC) as they are “concerned with the fate of all mankind; concerned with what the outcome of exploitation and hate will be; and conscious of the tremendous implications of liberation struggles around the world.”
November 1970 Counseling staff integrates by hiring its first Black woman.
January 1971 Dick Gregory speaks for more than two hours to some 1,600 students and faculty insisting “you’ve got to give sanity back to an insane world.”
January 1971 “Right On!” begins as a new weekly column in the Hilltops. Published throughout spring semester.
February 1971 The Apostles, a Black interdenominational singing group, perform a “Soul Revolution.”
April 1971 Celebration of Black Spirit Week sponsored by STATIC to promote communication, to foster awareness, and to acquaint the community with STATIC’s Campus Center – including “a library, scholarship information, speeches on records by Black leaders, and an atmosphere of openness.”
October 1971 Alex Haley speaks on “Black Heritage – A Saga of Black History,” telling the audience, “Black IS beautiful.”
1972 Grace Thorpe, who later founded the National Environmental Coalition of Native Americans, lectures on her stay on the island of Alcatraz, where she participated in the 19-month occupation of the island by Native Americans which launched the “Red Power” movement of the 1970’s. The occupation helped to unify Native Americans and to draw attention to unemployment, high infant mortality, and other social issues in Native American communities.
1973 The Task Force for Minority Access is formed to “investigate the role of minorities at Hartwick and how to attract more minority group members to the college, not only as students, but as administrators, professors and general staff members.”
1975 Poet and essayist Audre Lorde, known for her writings on lesbian feminism and racial issues, gives a poetry reading at Hartwick.
1977 Flo Kennedy, lecturer, lawyer, author, and founder of the Feminist Party, which nominated Shirley Chisholm for president in 1972, speaks on the “disruption of social norms,” women in congress, and U.S. boycott of South Africa.
1983 Bernice Johnson Reagon, director of Black American Culture Program of the Smithsonian Institution and member of the singing group Sweet Honey in the Rock, performs at Hartwick.
Summer 1984 Hartwick hires David Anderson, 1983 Hartwick graduate, as an assistant to Student Services to help recruit minority students and develop support programs for minority students currently attending Hartwick.
Spring 1986 “Black Writers and Poets” series presents: Chezia B. Thompson, John A. Williams, and Earl Lovelace.
1988 Ethnic Coalition forms “to expose our minority views, cultural values, and traditions to one another and especially to the Hartwick Community.”
September 1989 “Black Experiences” begins as a new weekly column in Hilltops. Published throughout fall semester.
Fall 1989 Ninety-seven percent of Hartwick's population is white. Provost Advisory Committee on Minority Affairs replaces the Race Relations Task Force, and is commissioned to help create a more "realistic" diverse community.
January 1990 Ethnic Coalition and Committee on Minority Affairs hold forum to discuss scenes of bigotry on campus.
February 1990 Gospel singer Pearl Williams-Jones and folk singer Josh White, Jr. perform during Black History Month.
April 1990 Angela Davis, former Black Panther, speaks to a Hartwick audience of more than 600 on “Race, Gender & Class,” stating that campus racism is on the rise, and one can still find posters saying, “White Supremacy Lives, Kill All Niggers.”
May 1990 First Racism Awareness Workshop conducted by Kate O’Donnell’s Sociology classes segregates participants into groups determined by hair color with preferential treatment given to those with dark hair.
1991-92 Director of Multicultural Affairs is hired.
1992 In honor of Hartwick's diversity month, Naomi Tutu - daughter of Bishop Desmond Tutu - speaks about the irony of South Africa using "diversity to divide."
Fall 1992 President Richard Detweiler creates a College Task Force on Pluralism and instructs this group of faculty, students, staff, and trustees to address the following questions: What purposes are served by an increase of diversity? Which of these purposes are most important to accomplish? What programs or processes will best accomplish these important purposes? How might such programs and processes be implemented?
April 1993 Nobel Prize winner Derek Walcott reads his poetry to the Hartwick community.
April 1993

The Hartwick College Task Force on Pluralism submits report:
The Task Force determined that the goal of becoming a more diverse and pluralistic college be fundamentally educational in nature, emphasizing the quality or value that comes from having people with a variety of national, cultural, and social perspectives engaged together in learning. Graduates of Hartwick College will be seriously deficient if they cannot understand and get along with individuals from a variety of backgrounds in the workplace or in their communities.
The recommendations and findings of the Task Force were premised on these educational goals, and organized around three important dimensions:

1) Curricular Development and Multiculturalism
2) Recruitment of Students, Faculty, and Staff
3) Campus Climate
May 1993 Task Force on the Interdependence Initiative included a Center for Interdependence which would, among other things, "highlight and dramatize the College’s commitment to global pluralism”.
Fall 1993 Hartwick's pluralism program, led by Harry Bradshaw Matthews, visits a Cooperstown cemetery as part of a genealogical research project to discover early immigrants, including Blacks and other minority groups, that may have been present in Otsego County's history.
January 1994 J Term Theme: “Beyond the Melting Pot: Ethnicity in America.”
January 1994 Yager Museum exhibit FROM COLOR TO CULTURE focuses on African American heritage.
January 1994 Hartwick College is selected by the Association of American Colleges to be a member of a curriculum development team designed to incorporate pluralism in college classrooms.
February 1994 The Oyaron Hill Project documents persons associated with the Hartwick Seminary and/or local community who participated in the anti-slavery movement.
Spring 1994 P.A.L.S. - the Pluralism Associates League for Students - is established.
October 1994 Pluralism Advisory Committee is formed.
October 1994 As Hardy Chair lecturer, Dr. Ted Gordon speaks on “The Cultural Politics of the Black Male Experience.”
Five campus-wide forums on diversity are held.
January 1995 To support the January Term theme: “Ethnicity in a Changing America,” nationally-known speakers and consultants come to campus: N. Scott Momaday, Joanna Osburn-Bigfeather, and Joan Morrison.
January 1995 Supported by an American Association of Colleges and Universities grant, faculty are sent to conferences on domestic pluralism, and a modest resource center is established.
January 1995 In response to the call for a more domestically diverse curriculum, faculty develop new courses. Dean Susan Gotsch makes funds available for additional course development, and an interested group of faculty members meet to discuss the creation of an ethnic studies program.
May 1995 Thomas Beattie sends a memo to the Planning Advisory Board encouraging:
1) A statement in support of diversifying the student body and the curriculum be added to the Five Plus Plan.
2) The “Academic Climate/Program” portion of the Capital Campaign include among its priorities “increasing and strengthening curricular and student diversity, with special attention to domestic pluralism.”
October 1995 Hartwick Students participate in the Million Man March in Washington, D.C.
October 1995 Fall Forum – “The Ice Cream Game” is an experiential exercise in the dynamics of discrimination.
November 1995 Fall Forum – “Mirroring Ourselves and Others: Role-Playing and Parody as Ways of Crossing the Boundaries of Ethnicity, Gender, Culture and Class.”
April 1996 ALANA students present "Texas Hotlinks."
Fall 1996 ALANA students enrollment at 170 -- Over 100% increase from four years prior.
Fall 1997 PALS and USPPO host the ALANA Heritage and Leadership Conference with the Hudson Mohawk Association of Colleges and Universities.
October 1997 Bela Fleck and the Flecktones played to a packed house in the Agora, Dewar Union.
November 1997 First annual ALANA Students, Faculty, and Staff get-together, with more than 50 in attendance.
December 1997 ALANA students hold first Kwanzaa Celebration.
1998 The United States Colored Troops Institute for Local History and Family Research establishes a national membership organization hosted at Hartwick College.
Spring 1998 ALANA students establish Gamma Delta Nu Sigma Fraternity
Fall 1998 History Department introduces new course: “The United States Colored Troops in the Abolitionist Movement,” taught by Harry Bradshaw Matthews.
November 1998 Ethnic Coalition celebrates Black Solidarity Day. Student comments: “It’s hard to be the only black face in a classroom.”
January 1999 bell hooks speaks on the role of the Civil Rights and Feminist Movements on American society during J Term’s “Revolutions and Dilemmas of the Twentieth Century.”
November 2000 First Annual USCT Civil War Luncheon
2000 The Society of Sisters and Brothers United began as an organization for young women of ALANA descent with the intention of establishing a historically black sorority at Hartwick.
May 2001 “Students for Tolerance” rally on Frisbee Field, with speakers declaring that the campus community must stand united in “support of tolerance and diversity.”
August 2002 U.S. Pluralism Programs Office submits mission statement.
Fall 2002 USCT Institute at Hartwick College selected for inclusion in the Internet Guide to African American Documentary Resources.
2003 Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott’s play, “The Ghost Dance,” which he wrote for the Hartwick theatre arts department and which debuted at Hartwick in 1989, is published by Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.
2003 Brothers United became a permanent addition to the existing Society of Sisters United, forming SOSU/BU.
2003 The College Diversity Statement is approved by the Board of Trustees.
2004 Rev. Dr. Calvin O. Butts, III, pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church of New York City and president of SUNY Old Westbury gives the address at Opening Convocation and is awarded an honorary degree for his distinguished service to society.
2006 Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott, who has visited the college more than 20 times, returns to Hartwick for a poetry reading.
2006 West African musician Mamadou Diabate and his quartet perform their critically-acclaimed world music during Pine Lake Day.
2007 Dean and Director of U.S. Pluralism Programs at Hartwick learns that his book, “African-American Geneaological Research: How to Trace Your Family History” is selected for the the permanent collection at the Library of Congress.
2008 The Cyrus B. Mehri Global Pluralism Fellowship is established to enhance Hartwick’s commitment to global pluralism and to help foster “a diverse community of honest interchange in which people can learn from one another through an open sharing of perspectives and life experiences.” Recipients demonstrate an ability to show “promise of being both personally capable of, and interested in, supporting the types of campus activities that will bring more pluralistic and global perspectives to the campus."
2008 The Harriet Tubman Mentoring Project established at Hartwick as experiential education outside the classroom, under the tutelage of Harry Bradshaw Matthews as the preceptor.

Harriet Tubman Mentoring Project identified by the Association of American Historians as a national model for the engagement of African American and Hispanic students in the study of history.


Twenty notable personalities from the Northeast and Tennessee joined select Hartwick faculty and students in the formation of the American Society of Freedmen Descendants.


The New York State Museum designates the USCT Institute and the Harriet Tubman Mentoring Project as the official New York State representatives at the USCT Grand Review held in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in November.

2010 The Society of Sisters United and Brothers United celebrated 10 years of dedication to community service and campus awareness at their annual formal in Stack Lounge, Dewar Union. SOSU/BU service projects include Haiti fundraisers, soup kitchens, Adopt-A-Highway, and YMCA Phone-A-Thon. The organization also dedicates time to awareness campaigns for diabetes and lupus.
2011 The percentage of Hartwick students who are ALANA reaches 14%.
2011 The USCT Institute at Hartwick College was designated by the National Park Service as a (research) center of the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom.
2013 The Harriet Tubman and Buffalo Soldiers Centennial Commemoration was sponsored by PALS, the Harriet Tubman Mentoring Project, and the USCT Institute to mark the 10th Cavalry Regiment's visit to Oneonta, NY in 1913. A news release was published by the Chicago Tribune and other newspapers.
2014 Harriet Tubman Mentoring Project publishes its first genealogical booklet, "Stories Our Mothers Told Us: A Search for Roots," which was favorably acknowledged by the New York Public Library Schomburg Center.
2014 The New York State Network to Freedom - Underground Railroad Map identifies the USCT Institute at Hartwick College as a Research Center. The map is co-sponsored by the "I Love New York" campaign and is online.
2014 ALANA students comprised 27 percent of first year students, which is the largest percent in the history of Hartwick College.

Shelley Wallace, College Archivist
Rebekah Ambrose-Dalton, College Archivist, Rare Book Curator, Records Manager and Information Literacy Librarian
Created: 1/26/04
Updated: 4/20/04
Updated: 5/14/10
Updated: 4/22/15